In view of the problem that the existing new energy vehicle subsidy standards are too high, enterprises are over-reliant on subsidy policies, and the technical performance of new energy automobile products that enjoy subsidies is low, and the actual utilization rate of some vehicles is low. On the 21st, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology released the adjustment plan for new energy vehicles. In the future, the financial subsidy policy will be adjusted, including setting the central and local subsidy ceilings, and adjusting the method of fund disbursement, from pre-adjustment to post-event liquidation, and strengthening the review of local fund application reports. And the promotion of verification, while improving the entry barriers for subsidized models and so on.
Analysts pointed out that the adjustment of the financial subsidy program for new energy vehicles will help to establish a more complete industrial environment, effectively eliminate the phenomenon of â€œcheat compensationâ€, and promote the rapid development of high-quality new energy auto companies, avoiding the low-tech of the entire industry. Vicious competition at the level.
Change 1 Total control of subsidies
According to the new standard, the new energy vehicle subsidy will maintain the overall stability of the subsidy policy in 2016-2020, appropriately adjust the subsidy methods for passenger cars and special vehicles, raise the technical threshold, encourage technological progress, set central and local subsidy ceilings, and prevent local support. The subsidy standard is too high.
The existing policy only has clear criteria for subsidies for specific models of new energy vehicles.
Statistics show that in 2009, China began to subsidize new energy vehicles. By the end of 2015, the central government had distributed a total of 33.435 billion yuan in subsidies.
Dong Yang, executive vice president of the China Automobile Association, said that in accordance with international experience, supporting industrial policies is more dependent on tax incentives and other means, but domestic direct subsidies are cash, but the market is changing rapidly, and dynamic adjustments must be made in real time.
In fact, China has now implemented a policy of subsidizing the subsidy for new energy vehicles. From 2017 to 2018, the subsidy standard for new energy vehicles will be 20% lower than 2016, and 40% will be reduced from 2019 to 2020. The subsidy policy will be after 2020. Fully quit.Change 2 quarterly prepayment for year-end liquidation
In addition to setting the central and local subsidy ceilings, the new subsidy standard scheme has also changed the way subsidy funds are disbursed. That is to say, starting from 2016, the subsidies for the purchase of new energy vehicles will be changed from ex ante to post-liquidation, and verification of the review and promotion of funds application reports will be strengthened.
According to the previous management measures, the central government will allocate the subsidy funds to the new energy automobile production enterprises, and implement the quarterly pre-dial and annual liquidation. Production company sales
In December last year, there was a huge difference between the sales volume of new energy vehicles in China and the number of listed brands. It was revealed that some car companies had defrauded financial subsidies. After a comprehensive investigation conducted by the four ministries in January this year, the central subsidy fund was 1.01 billion yuan in the fraudulent vehicles that had already been exposed. Among them, Jinlong United Automobile Industry (Suzhou) has the largest amount involved, and in the new energy vehicles that declare the 2015 central financial subsidy funds, more than 519 million yuan of central financial subsidy funds are declared.Change 3 The threshold for applying for subsidies has increased significantly
It is reported that in the new subsidy standards for new energy vehicles, the technical requirements for vehicle models will be greatly improved, that is, the threshold for relevant subsidy standards will be raised.
Among them, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology revised the "Regulations on the Management of New Energy Vehicle Manufacturers and Products Access", strengthened safety requirements, improved entry barriers, and curbed the situation of scattered development in the industry. The regulation will be officially released in the near future, and will improve the entry barriers from the aspects of enterprise design and development capabilities, manufacturing capabilities, after-sales service capabilities, product technical performance, quality assurance capabilities, etc., and strengthen safety regulatory requirements, which can effectively improve products. Quality and safety level.
According to sources, the new regulations no longer use a single technical standard as a reference. In the field of passenger cars, there will be more Battery system energy density standards, no longer simply based on the cruising range. The new energy bus abandoned the energy density of the battery system according to the length and cruising range of the vehicle, and effectively distinguished between fast charging and non-fast charging.
"The new standard to improve access threshold, the purpose is to let low-end enterprises quit, reduce the risk of fraud." Cui Dongshu said frankly, more importantly, raising the threshold can enable enterprises with technological advantages to accelerate growth, the survival of the fittest. In the medium and long term, this will be conducive to the healthy development of the entire new energy vehicle industry, and will also lay a solid foundation for the production and sales volume of 2 million vehicles in 2020.
Data show that from January to November this year, the production and sales volume of new energy vehicles reached 427,000 and 402,000 respectively, up 59.0% and 60.4% respectively, and continued to be the world's number one.
The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology also said that in order to prevent the "cheat up" incident from happening again, a real-time adjustment mechanism for subsidies for new energy vehicles will be established, and the assessment conditions for the mileage of vehicles and subsidies will be increased. According to technological progress and market conditions, the technical conditions of subsidized vehicles will be improved and appropriate. Reduce the amount of subsidies; establish a real-time monitoring mechanism for new energy vehicles, improve the three-level monitoring platform for central, local, and enterprise; implement a unified coding system for power batteries, and strengthen market sampling verification of new energy vehicle products.
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